Top 10 Fascinating Attempts at Creating PERPETUAL MOTION Machine

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Transcript 0:00 10 Fascinating Attempts at Creating Perpetual Motion 0:07 10. 0:10 Boyle’s Self-Flowing Flask...

Transcript

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10 Fascinating Attempts at Creating Perpetual Motion
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10.
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Boyle’s Self-Flowing Flask
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One of the simplest ideas for a perpetual motion machine comes from the 17th century
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Irish chemist and physicist Robert Boyle.
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His design is simply to have a tank of water with a hose on the bottom that runs water
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from the tank directly back into the same tank.
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Of course, this system doesn’t work because gravity doesn’t work that way.
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For water to leave the tank, it needs to flow to a container that is lower than the original
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one.
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If you don’t believe us, you can test this with materials around your home or you can
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easily buy some at a dollar store.
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But what if there was a chemical fluid that could be used that constantly reacted and
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pushed the liquid through the hose?
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For example, in the video above, the YouTuber tries beer (good choice!) and it at least
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pushes liquid through the hose.
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The problem is that the cycle would stop when the beer stops carbonating.
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However, again, finding a chemical that never stops reacting is just as impossible as creating
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any other type of perpetual motion machine.
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9.
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Monopole Magnet
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Magnets have two poles, north and south, and opposite poles pull magnets together while
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the same poles push them apart.
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But there are also hypothetical monopole magnet particles that would only have one pole.
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In 2014, researchers created synthetic monopole magnet particles, 85 years after they were
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first theorized.
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Despite them only recently being discovered, some YouTubers claim to have built or bought
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one, and there are some magnets that are claimed to be monopole on Alibaba.
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Of course, we have to say, buyer beware.
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If we could construct monopole magnets, they could possibly lead to free energy.
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In the video for this entry, a man creates a supposed free energy machine using a few
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dollars’ worth of material from a hardware store and a monopole magnet he bought on eBay.
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He hammers two nails into a board, and cuts tiny slits in the nails to hold the wire that
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is formed into a ring.
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In between the two nails and under the ring, he places the magnet, which causes the coiled
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wire to spin, creating energy.
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The biggest problem with this type of machine, besides the lack of scientific evidence that
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monopole magnets are real, is that there is too much friction on the materials so they
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would have to be replaced, meaning this would never be a true perpetual motion machine.
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8.
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Rolling Ball Wheel
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This attempt at a perpetual motion machine was designed by German mathematician, scientist,
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and physicist Jacob Leupold and the design was published in his Theatrum Machinarum Generale
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Vol. 1 in 1724.
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The machine uses an overbalancing wheel and rolling balls.
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The idea is that the balls will always be rolling, which shifts the weight of the wheel,
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and gravity simply takes over.
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Sadly, while it may sound like this might work in theory, it doesn’t because it needs
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external help to keep moving.
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7.
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Water Mill and Pump
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It’s believed designs for the water mill and pump perpetual motion machine, and variations
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of it, have been around since the 1600s, and quite possibly earlier than that.
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The idea is that water falls from the top of the machine, which makes the water mill
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turn, and that ultimately powers the pump that brings the water back to the top, creating
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a cycle of energy.
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The problem is that there is too much friction involved with the design and it actually doesn’t
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work outside of computer models.
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So, back the old drawing board, we suppose?
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Geez, you expect better out of your 17th century scientific theorists.
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6.
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Paul Scheerbart’s Weight-Driven Cogwheel
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German born Paul Scheerbart wasn’t a mathematician or an engineer like many of the other inventors
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on this list.
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Instead, he was a writer known for his work in the fantastic genre.
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Despite a lack of formal training, Scheerbart spent two and a half years trying to build
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a perpetual motion machine in the laundry room of his house.
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His machine – which looks strangely familiar – was finally revealed in 1910 in his book
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The Perpetual Motion Machine: The Story of an Invention.
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The system uses one giant wheel and two sets of smaller rollers and a weight.
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The problem with his design, like many other perpetual motion machines, is that the main
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cogwheel needs external power to keep its momentum.
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That being said, it is still the best perpetual motion machine designed by a fiction writer.
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5.
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Magnets and Gravity
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A physical constant on Earth is gravity, which is bad news if you’re a terrible yet dedicated
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tightrope walker, but it is good news in terms of creating perpetual motion machines because
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it is a constant source of force.
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An attempt at a perpetual motion machine that utilizes that force is the perpetual wheel
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that was patented in 1823.
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It’s a fairly simple set up: a large wheel is turned by a small iron ball that is being
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pulled towards the magnet.
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While the video above may look like this is feasible, the wheel does not actually spin
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like that without external help; also, after some time, magnets become demagnetized, meaning
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it is not an unlimited source of energy.
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4.
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Force of Gravity Perpetual Motion Machine
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This so-called perpetual motion machine uses two vertical rods.
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The rod at the center is straight, but the second one is tilted.
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Then there are three horizontal bars that run across the two vertical bars, connecting
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both vertical rods.
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Finally, there is a weight that is attached to the center rod.
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This means that the counter-clockwise torque and clockwise torque are equal, and since
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the torques are the same, the vertical rod pushes more on the bottom arm than it does
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on the top arm.
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Since the top and bottom rods are the same distance from the vertical axles, there is
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more torque pushing one way than the other, allowing the system to spin.
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A writer at Wired analyzed this specific video and believes there are hidden motors in the
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machine.
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If there aren’t, then he believes the spin is caused by angular momentum and torque.
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That means it would spin for a while, but not perpetually.
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3.
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Neodymium Magnets
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The strongest batteries commercially available are neodymium magnets, which were developed
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by General Motors in 1982.
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This design takes advantage of these batteries and creates momentum by placing magnets with
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the same poles against each other on a wheel.
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When two magnets with the same pole meet, they push each other apart and in this case,
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it spins the wheel.
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A bonus with this design is that it is frictionless, which is an especially big bonus over other
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proposed perpetual motion machines because friction leads to entropy – meaning the
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machine will eventually slow down.
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The main reason this isn’t a true perpetual motion machine is because the magnets will
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eventually stop working and will need to be replaced.
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2.
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Perepiteia
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Thane Heins is a Canadian college dropout who has been working on a perpetual motion
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machine called Perepiteia since 1985.
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Heins is so dedicated to the machine that he says that he lost his wife and custody
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over his two children over it.
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So, you know, his priorities may be slightly skewed.
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Nevertheless, Heins says he is so dedicated because he claims that the machine has the
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ability to generate a large amount of power from a little electrical input, thought to
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be impossible.
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What’s interesting is that the tests show that the generator somehow turns magnetic
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friction into a magnetic boost, which causes the motor to accelerate, creating a positive
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feedback loop.
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If the tests are correct, that would mean that Perepiteia breaks the first law of thermodynamics.
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It’s like a light bulb that powers itself using energy from its own light.
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In 2008, Heins showed Perepiteia to MIT professor Markus Zahn, who is an expert in electromagnetic
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and electronic systems.
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Zahn said Perepiteia originally stumped him and the machine was definitely worth looking
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into.
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But, he later clarified it was not a perpetual motion machine because it needed to be plugged
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into the wall.
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Yet Zahn says that the machine still could be an important discovery that could improve
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motors.
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Although there are many skeptics, Heins is hoping that his invention will lead to electrical
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cars that power themselves through accelerating and braking.
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1.
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Finsrud’s Perpetuum Mobile
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A lot of these proposed machines are fairly simplistic and use a minimal amount of parts.
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On the other end of the spectrum is a supposed perpetual motion machine by Norwegian sculptor
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and mathematician Reidar Finsrud.
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It’s a complicated system that uses a wheel, magnets, and pendulums.
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Its system ensures the wheel is always dipping, so the ball, which is pulled by magnets, is
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always rolling around the track.
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Supposedly during testing done over the course of three days, the ball maintained a constant
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speed measured to 1/25 of a second.
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An engineer who studied the machine said it could maintain 80-90 percent efficiency, while
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most devices, like a combustion engine, only have 30-50 percent efficiency.
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Finsrud claims that his machine has an efficiency rate of over 100 percent, and therefore it
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creates free energy.
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Finsrud believes that his machine, if built to the proper scale, could provide free energy
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to the world.
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He is also worried his machine might be too revolutionary, so he’s forced to keep it
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locked in a safe in his basement.
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So while it may not be a true perpetual motion machine, it is an impressive feat of engineering.

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